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trade [2019/06/04 09:21]
jfoure [Trade costs]
trade [2019/06/04 10:22] (current)
jfoure [Non-tariff measures]
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 === Implementation through "​generalized"​ costs === === Implementation through "​generalized"​ costs ===
 +The different trade costs remain separated but are aggregated using "​generalized"​ tariffs ($GnTariff^C_{i,​r,​s,​t}$ and $GnTariff^{IC}_{i,​r,​s,​t}$),​ export taxes ($GnTaxEXP^{C}_{i,​r,​s,​t}$ and $GnTaxEXP^{IC}_{i,​r,​s,​t}$) and iceberg trade costs ($GnTC^{C}_{i,​r,​s,​t}$ and $GnTC^{IC}_{i,​r,​s,​t}$). With the example of final goods :
  
-From MIRAGE-e version 1.1, trade costs are separated from standard costs, through the use of endogenous "​generalized"​ tariffs ($GnTariff_{i,​r,​s,​t}$),​ export taxes ($GnTaxEXP_{i,​r,​s,​t}$) and iceberg trade costs ($GnTC_{i,​r,​s,​t}$):​ +  ​* $ GnTC^C_{i,r,s,t} = 1 + tCost_{i,​r,​s,​t} + shareNTM^{tCost}_{i,​r,​s}\left(tax{SER}^C_{i,r,s,t} + NTM^C_{i,​r,​s,​t}\right) ​ $ 
-  ​* $ GnTC_{i,r,s,t} = 1 + tCost_{i,​r,​s,​t} + shareNTM^{tCost}_{i,​r,​s}\left(tax^{SER}_{i,r,s,t} + NTM_{i,​r,​s,​t}\right) ​ $ +  * $ GnTariff^C_{i,r,s,t} = Tariff^C_{i,r,s,t} + shareNTM^{Tariff}_{i,​r,​s} ​NTM^C_{i,r,s,t} $ 
-  * $ GnTariff_{i,r,s,t} = Tariff_{i,r,s,t} + shareNTM^{Tariff}_{i,​r,​s} ​NTM_{i,r,s,t} $ +  * $ GnTaxEXP^C_{i,r,s,t} = tax{EXP}^C_{i,r,s,t} + tax{MFA}^C_{i,r,s,t} + shareNTM^{taxEXP}_{i,​r,​s} ​NTM^C_{i,r,s,t}$
-  * $ GnTaxEXP_{i,r,s,t} = tax^{EXP}_{i,r,s,t} + tax^{MFA}_{i,r,s,t} + shareNTM^{taxEXP}_{i,​r,​s} ​NTM_{i,r,s,t}$+
  
-Any trade policy scenario has therefore to be implemented directly on $Tariff_{i,r,s,t}$, $tCost_{i,​r,​s,​t}$,​ $NTM_{i,r,s,t}$, $tax^{SER}_{i,r,s,t}$ and $tax^{EXP}_{i,r,s,t}$+Any trade policy scenario has therefore to be implemented directly on $Tariff^C_{i,r,s,t}$, $tCost_{i,​r,​s,​t}$,​ $NTM^C_{i,r,s,t}$, $tax{SER}^C_{i,r,s,t}$ and $tax{EXP}^C_{i,r,s,t}$